March 23, 1937:
In his encyclical "Mit brennender Sorge" ("With Burning Anxiety") Pope Pius XI. condemns the Nazi's divinization of race, the nation and the state.

April 26, 1937:
On behalf of General Franco the Condor Legion bombs the Basque town Guernica.

July 19, 1937:
After "purging" Germany's museums of most works of modern art the exhibition "degenerate art" is opened in Munich.

July 1937:
Buchenwald Concentration Camp is established near the city of Weimar.

November 16, 1937:
Decree of the Ministry of the Interior confining the issue of passports for Jews to exceptional cases.

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